Atopic dermatitis (AD), also known as atopic eczema, is a type of inflammation of the skin (dermatitis). It results in itchy, red, swollen, and cracked skin. Clear fluid may come from the affected areas, which often thicken over time. The condition typically starts in childhood with changing severity over the years. In children under one year of age much of the body may be affected. As children get older, the back of the knees and front of the elbows are the most common areas affected. In adults the hands and feet are the most commonly affected areas.
Eczema is a common skin disease. It is far more prevalent in people suffering from hay fever and asthma. In the beginning, it appears as small blisters which later on convert into thickened plaques of skin. If suffering from this condition, it is important to diagnose the kind of eczema you are suffering from to get treated effectively.
Eczema symptoms differ from person to person and no two people can have similar symptoms. While itching is the most common symptom, many people may experience mild to severe itching. Some of the symptoms to look for include:
- Red, Inflamed Skin
- Dark Colored Patches in Healing Skin
- Dry, Sensitive Skin
- Oozing or Crusting
- Rough Scaly Patches of Skin
Over time, the symptoms can become more obvious and the rashes become bumpy, can thicken or darken in color.
The most important part of treating eczema is counseling on certain lifestyle changes and adjustments to certain specific habits that may be causing adverse skin reactions.